Stakeholder participation in the governance of ecosystem services (ESS) is conceptually necessary, especially in the light of the failure of monetary valuation to provide assessment instruments suitable as policy guidance. To answer the Whys and Hows of ESS research real involvement and participation of stakeholders has proven to be a more valuable tool.

Building upon experience from transdisciplinary research projects in Asia, Africa and Europe, the new paper argues that successful participation depends on the specific socio-cultural context and requires different means and modes of participation during different project phases.

The paper provides a useful overview of tested methods, with their pros and cons listed. Alongside the challenges on the basis of different projects experiences, the research also outlines the ways in which good project coordination can help for such difficulties to be anticipated and handled. The main conclusions and recommendations are extracted in five core lessons, with regards to:

  • Participation
  • Target groups
  • Integration
  • Managing
  • Limits to economic valuation.

Joachim H. Spangenberg, Christoph Görg, Josef Settele: "Stakeholder involvement in ESS research and governance: Between conceptual ambition and practical experiences - risks, challenges and tested tools", Ecosystem Services, Volume 16, December 2015, Pages 201-211, ISSN 2212-0416,

This paper benefitted from the experience in transdisciplinary research projects over the last 20 years, in particular the EU FP 6 Integrated Project "ALARM", "LEGATO" (German Ministry for Education and Research), "EO-Miners" (EU FP 7), "APPEAL", "EJOLT" (EU FP7), "ENRI" (ESF European Science Foundation), "DEEDS" (EU Leonardo da Vinci Programme), "SUSTRAT" (EU FP5) and earlier projects.

Further information

Dr. Joachim Spangenberg
UFZ-Department Community Ecology

UFZ press office