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SYKE - Finnish Environment Institute (Finland) DCE - Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University (Denmark) EC JRC - European Commission, Joint Research Centre IRSTEA - National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture (France) CEH - Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (United Kingdom) Wageningen Environmental Research (Alterra) UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (Germany) CIENS - Oslo Centre for Interdisciplinary Environmental and Social Research peer

Warm April accelerates crop development

05/22/2018, JRC

According to the May issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring Bulletin, which was published today, warm and relatively dry weather in most of Europe boosted crop development and allowed spring sowing to accelerate, but also brought challenges to winter crops, especially rapeseed.
In several parts of Europe, exceptionally warm and drier-than-usual April conditions negatively affected flowering rapeseed stands. (c) garmashevanatali – stock.adobe.com zoom

Northern, central, and eastern Europe faced an exceptionally warm April, with average temperatures +3°C to +6°C above the long-term average. The warm weather boosted biomass accumulation and increased crop water demand, which was not always supported by sufficient soil moisture. Large parts of central and eastern Europe are affected by lack of precipitation, but so far mostly without serious effects on winter cereals.

However, in large parts of central Europe, the exceptionally warm and drier-than-usual April conditions negatively affected the flowering of rapeseed that was just recovering from the adverse conditions earlier in the season.

Abundant precipitation in the United Kingdom, southern France, southern Austria and Slovenia hampered field activities, but was mostly beneficial for soil moisture and the emergence of summer crops in northern Spain and Algeria.

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