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Vaccination was found to be the best strategy for stopping epidemics. (c) Adobe Stock, REDPIXEL

Prevention is better than cure: targeted vaccination to halt epidemics

Amidst growing concerns over the low uptake of flu shots in Europe, scientists from the Italian National Research Council and the JRC confirm that vaccinations remain the best way forward when it comes to stopping the spread of infectious diseases.

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(c) Adobe Stock, by Sergey Nivens

International Women's Day: how our remarkable women got into science

At the JRC, we have been working to improve gender equality in science. Last year, women represented 35% of our staff, 18% of our managers and 50% of our senior managers. International Women's Day is – for us and many others –a reminder that...

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(c) Adobe Stock, author: Africa Studio

Soil carbon sink? It depends also on nitrogen

A study just published by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Nature Climate Change shows that soils can be a net sink of greenhouse gases through increased storage of organic carbon.

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© Florent Nicolas / HELCOM.

Marine researchers propose declaring 23 percent of the Baltic Sea as ecologically significant areas

Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas have been proposed for different parts of the planet, but not yet for the Baltic Sea. SYKE research professor Markku Viitasalo and researcher Juho Lappalainen were closely involved last week in a...

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(c) Adobe Stock, author: Tim Glass

Soil erosion costs European farmers €1.25 billion a year

Soil erosion costs European countries €1.25 billion in annual agricultural productivity loss and €155 million in the gross domestic product (GDP) loss, according to a JRC new study.

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(c) Adobe Stock, by chokniti 2018

Land use change has warmed the Earth's surface

Recent changes to vegetation cover are causing the Earth's surface to heat up. Activities like cutting down evergreen forests for agricultural expansion in the tropics create energy imbalances that lead to higher local surface temperatures and...

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Frost tolerance remains weak

According to the February issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring Bulletin, which was published today, the low-temperature acclimatisation of winter cereals remains weak in large parts of Europe as a consequence of the predominantly mild conditions.

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(c) EU, author: Gregoire Dubois

DOPA Explorer 2.0 – Better information promotes and protects global biodiversity

The Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission has today launched the second version of the free DOPA Explorer, the most advanced global information system characterising the world’s protected areas.

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(c) Adobe Stock, author: Trebor Eckscher

Climate-driven changes in freshwater flow will greatly impact Mediterranean marine ecosystems

A JRC paper published in PLOS One yesterday finds that changes in the amount of freshwater flowing from rivers into the Mediterranean Sea can have a significant effect on temperature, salinity and chlorophyll levels.

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fragments of the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest in Northeastern Brazil (Mata Atlântica).Photo: Mateus Dantas de Paula The aerial photo shows forest fragments of the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest in Northeastern Brazil (Mata Atlântica), surrounded by sugar cane plantations. Photo: Mateus Dantas de Paula

Deforestation in the tropics

Tropical forests around the world play a key role in the global carbon cycle and harbour more than half of the species worldwide. However, increases in land use during the past decades caused unprecedented losses of tropical forest. Scientists at the...

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(c) egonzitter, AdobeStock.com

Minimum quality requirements for water reuse in agriculture

The JRC has published a report on the minimum quality requirements for the use of treated waste water for agricultural purposes.

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(c) Adobe Stock, by Artem Solovev

Improved seasonal climate prediction for maize yield forecasts in Europe

Crops that are generally dependent on weather conditions are heavily impacted by climate variability and extremes. One of the problems in forecasting crop yields is the lack of reliable long-term forecasts of extreme events, such as the 2003 heatwave...

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Unusually mild weather conditions in Hungary locally caused the flowering of rapeseed crops at the beginning of January. ©Adobe Stock, author: Daniel Prudek

Very mild winter so far

According to the January issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring Bulletin, which was published today, the low-temperature acclimatisation of winter wheat remains delayed and weaker than usual in large regions of western, southern and central Europe...

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The emerging pollutants include pharmaceuticals, newly registered pesticides, industrial plastic additives, personal care products and new flame retardants. ©Goodpics - Adobe stock.com

Emerging pollutants: a growing concern for our oceans

The majority of chemicals on a combined list of more than 2700 potential marine contaminants are what's known as 'emerging pollutants': substances that have the potential to enter the environment and cause adverse ecological and human health effects,...

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Asian elephants moving through the Kaziranga National Park, India. © G. Dubois, 2018

Conserving our biodiversity: priorities for well-connected protected areas

Only one-third of the world´s countries, and half of EU Member States, currently meet global targets when it comes to the connectivity of their designated natural protected areas (PAs). While 14.7% of land around the world is covered by PAs, only...

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High performance magnets used in many applications from electric vehicles to IT equipment contain rare earth elements such as Neodymium. ©Adobe stock © nikolayn

Are we circular yet? Focus on critical raw materials in circular economy

The answer is "no, not yet". Critical raw materials are not used to their full extent as part of the circular economy and there are several improvement opportunities to reuse and recycle these materials.

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Photo: Olli Manninen

Two new nature conservation areas to Russia near the Finnish border

At the end of the Year of the Environment 2017 Russia decided to establish a new National Park in the Lake Ladoga archipelago and a new Nature Park on the islands of the Eastern Gulf of Finland and the surrounding waters. Both of these conservation...

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The map shows a global visualisation of travel time to the city with the shortest associated journey. ©2018 OpenStreetMap contributors, creative commons attribution 4.0

How far to the nearest city? Global map of travel time to cities published

Over 80% of people - 5.88 billion individuals - reside within one hour of a city. However, accessibility is not equally distributed across the development spectrum. While people live within one hour of a city in over 90% of cases in high-income...

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Deadwood logs of different tree species were laid out at three areas of temperate forests by UFZ scientists. They want to analyse which fungus species inhabit dead trees. Photo: Witoon Purahong

Dead trees are alive with fungi

So far, little research has been conducted on fungi that live on dead trees, although they are vital to the forest ecology by breaking down dead wood and completing the element cycle between plants and soil. Soil biologists from the Helmholtz Centre...

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Several new soil parameters will be measured in the next soil survey. ©279photo AdobeStock

How the largest European soil dataset was born

Ten years of planning and sampling has led to the creation of the largest harmonised European soil dataset, and the JRC is ready to carry out the most comprehensive assessment of soil biodiversity across the continent.

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Hydrozoan polyps living on coral surface. Credit: S. Montano, Milan-Bicocca University. ©EU 2017

Tiny polyps save corals from predators and disease

Corals may have unexpected allies in improving their health and resilience. In a new study published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society, the scientists show how tiny hydrozoans, polyps smaller than one millimetre and commonly found in dense...

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The EU Agricultural Outlook for the EU Agricultural Markets and Income 2017-2030. ©EU

JRC contribution to the EU Agricultural Outlook

The EU Agricultural Outlook, published on Monday 18 December, presents the EU's annual projections of agricultural commodity markets to 2030 and stresses the importance of environmental and climate change constraints.

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Groundwater monitoring point in the HCH (hexachlorocyclohexanes) contaminated flood zone of Mulde, Germany. Photo: UFZ archive

Pollution legacy: is Lindane degradation making progress in soil and groundwater?

UFZ researchers develop a new method for quantifying the degradation of Lindane and other HCHs.

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The report analyses the potential impact of different policy approaches to a future CAP. ©EU, 2017

Science for an evolved Common Agricultural Policy

A positive future for food and farming with a strong EU agri-food sector also depends on an effective Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).

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According to a new study, almost 36 billion tons of soil is lost every year due to water. ©lucag_g – stock.adobe.com

How much soil goes down the drain – new data on soil lost due to water

According to a new study, almost 36 billion tons of soil is lost every year due to water, and deforestation and other changes in land use make the problem worse. The study also offers ideas on how agriculture can change to become a part of the...

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Building steps towards the UN's Sustainable Development Goals

A high-level international panel of scientific experts of United Nations will convene in Helsinki on 12 and 13 December. It will prepare assessments based on research data and draw up recommendations to achieve the goals of the UN's 2030 Agenda. In...

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Vacancies at the JRC

See the JRC's External Staff Recruitment Application (ESRA) for details.

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JRC fisheries experts will continue to support the process to enable sustainable fisheries in the Arctic in the future ©titomirez – stock.adobe.com

EU and its Arctic partners agree to prevent unregulated fishing in the Arctic Ocean

The European Union and nine nations have reached an international agreement to prevent unregulated commercial fishing in the Arctic high seas.

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The JRC’s data helps policymakers understand the most cost-effective strategies. ©Fotolia, dpreezg 2017

Lighting the world: electrification strategies for Sub-Saharan Africa

In 2015, the majority of Africans lacked access to electricity. With an electrification rate of 43%, Africa has by far the lowest rate in the world.

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This Scientific Opinion will inform future EU policies to help increase the quantity of sustainable food coming from the ocean. ©Alessandro Mannini 2017

Commission's top scientific advisers publish opinion on food from the oceans

The High Level Group of the Commission's Scientific Advice Mechanism (SAM) has published a new independent scientific opinion on Food from the Oceans.

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