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Africa EUMETSAT, 2017. ©ESA, 2017

Science for the AU-EU partnership

From air pollutant emissions to zooplankton productivity – over 30 years of JRC scientific collaboration with Africa have been compiled in one publication, "Science for the AU-EU Partnership - Building knowledge for sustainable development".

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Are you optimistic about our environmental future?

The Partnership for European Environmental Research (PEER) is hosting a celebration event in Brussels on the 28th November 2017 to reflect – together with stakeholders - on past successes and look forward to future research challenges. The event...

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Due to its breadth, the Jena experiment proves for the first time that a loss of biodiversity has negative consequences for many individual components and processes in ecosystems. Photo: The Jena Experiment

Loss of species destroys ecosystems

How serious is the loss of species globally? Are material cycles in an ecosystem with few species changed? In order to find this out, the "Jena Experiment" was established in 2002, one of the largest biodiversity experiments worldwide.

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Most of the main EU sugar beet producing countries expect above-average yields and sugar contents. ©Adobe Stock, author: Grecaud Paul

Rainfall affects sowing in northern areas

The November issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin Crop monitoring in Europe was published today, alongside three of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series: on Turkey, Russia and Ukraine.

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JRC scientists used a range of models and scenarios to assess the potential impacts of climate change on global agriculture. ©Fotolia, buraratn_100, 2017

Climate change and the food we eat

A JRC analysis of climate change and global agriculture looks to 2050 and provides valuable insights for a sector that will feel the heat from climate change – as well as from policies combatting climate change.

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Ten municipalities to become forerunners of the circular economy

Ten Finnish municipalities − Ii, Jyväskylä, Kuopio, Lahti, Lappeenranta, Porvoo, Riihimäki, Rovaniemi, Turku and Vantaa − have committed themselves to promoting the circular economy in an ambitious and concrete way. As the first Finnish municipal...

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The JRC presents the new Global Energy and Climate Outlook at COP23. ©European Union, 2017

JRC at COP23: a cleaner, greener planet is both possible and affordable

JRC at COP23: a cleaner, greener planet is both possible and affordable Limiting global warming below the critical 2C level set out in the Paris Agreement is both feasible and consistent with economic growth – and the knock-on improvements to air...

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Researchers have long used ecological matrices to understand species distribution patterns and ecological networks. ©EU, author: A. Wania

Ecological presence/absence matrices – a fresh perspective

In an article recently published in Ecology, JRC scientist Giovanni Strona, together with Professor Werner Ulrich (Nicolaus Copernicus University) and Nick Gotelli (full professor at University of Vermont, and one of world’s most influential...

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Winter sowing operations are in full swing, but hampered by excessively wet conditions in northern Europe. ©Fotolia, author: oticki

Wet conditions delay winter sowing in northern Europe; dry conditions continue in Mediterranean

The October issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin Crop monitoring in Europe and the Kazakhstan issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today.

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Every year, millions of tonnes of plastic debris ends up in the sea - a global environmental problem with ecological consequences. Photo: Richard Carey, fotolia

Rivers carry plastic debris into the sea

UFZ researchers have proven that large river systems are the main culprits for plastic pollution in the oceans

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NOS helps model the extent to which the nodes of ecological networks tend to overlap or segregate. ©Strona and Veech, 2017

NOS – the new free software for the analysis of ecological networks

A new, free software suite for the analysis of ecological networks has been released. The suite, which is named ‘NOS’ (Node Overlap and Segregation Software) and whose features are described in detail in a recently published paper led by JRC...

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The MEKROU project (2014-17) promotes the sustainable management of water resources throughout the Mékrou basin. ©Marco Schmidt/Wikimedia

The MEKROU project – promoting sustainability in the Mékrou basin

A scientific-technical workshop organised by the JRC and the AGRHYMET Regional Centre was held in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) from 19-23 September 2017 with the technical services of the national ministries (Agriculture and Hydrology) and...

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The EU fishing fleet registered record-high net profits of EUR 798 million in 2015. ©Fotolia, Bruno Barracuda

New scientific report confirms positive economic trends for EU fishing fleet

According to the latest Annual Economic Report, the overall economic performance of the EU fleet improved again in 2015. While still marginally profitable in 2009, the EU fleet registered record-high net profits of EUR 798 million in 2015, and...

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The effects of climate change are felt particularly acutely in developing countries. Photo: UFZ / André Künzelmann

Climate insurance is rarely well thought out in agriculture

Internationally subsidised agricultural insurance is intended to protect farmers in developing countries from the effects of climate change. However, it can also lead to undesirable ecological and social side effects, as UFZ researchers and their US...

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Near-record high yields of winter and spring cereals are expected in Russia and Ukraine. ©Fotolia, author: M. Damkier

Positive cropping season in Russia, Ukraine and Turkey

Three issues in the JRC MARS Bulletin global outlook series were published today: on Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.

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Researchers have shown that the combination of microbial and electrochemical conversion of complex biomass can yield valuable products. Photo: UFZ / André Künzelmann

Fuel from waste and electricity?

Production of drop-in fuel from biomass and electric energy by combined microbial and electrochemical conversion

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Python skins in a tannery in West Malaysia for the international market. To date, it has been almost impossible to prove whether such skins are from legal or illegal harvests. Photo: Mark Auliya, UFZ

Hope for improving protection of the reticulated python

Trading in skins of the reticulated python is such a lucrative business that illegal exports are rising sharply and existing trade restrictions are being circumvented on a large scale. This is endangering the stability of populations. Therefore,...

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EU sunflower yields are forecast to be well above the five-year average ©EU, by Gráinne Mulhern

Continued positive outlook for summer crops

According to the JRC MARS crop monitoring Bulletin for Europe, published today, favourable conditions prevailed in most of France, Germany and the Benelux countries. In Mediterranean regions and eastern Europe, heatwaves and low precipitation...

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JRC scientists simulated the Black Sea’s characteristics, including its currents, salt content and temperature. ©European Union, 2017

Black Sea water temperatures may buck global trend

Average surface temperatures of the Black Sea may not have risen, according to the surprising results of a new study from the JRC.

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Billions of people around the world face water stress. ©EU, by Andreas Brink

JRC and global experts provide recommendations on the SDG indicator “water stress”

In a new publication in Science of The Total Environment, JRC and leading global scientists in the field of water management identify 7 essential elements that should be considered in a water stress indicator. Although the Sustainable Development...

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The rapidly developing field of genomics can be used to help sustainably manage seafood resources. ©EU - adapted from Fotolia, author: R. Carey

The quest for sustainable seafood – An international research consortium calls for fisheries and aquaculture management to tap into the power of genomics

With the human population continuing to grow and the developing world gaining in prosperity, the global demand for food will rise. New food resources must therefore be explored, along with strategies that enable the sustainable exploitation of such...

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Amphipods of the species Eulimnogammarus verrucosus react negatively to higher temperatures and pollutants like cadmium. Photo: ISU / Vasiliy Pavlichenko

Research at Lake Baikal - for the protection of a unique ecosystem

Lake Baikal, with its exceptional species diversity and unique wildlife, is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site. As part of the Helmholtz Russia Research Group LaBeglo, UFZ researchers are studying the impact of climate change and environmental...

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In large parts of central and south-eastern Europe, summer crops benefited from adequate rainfall, which mitigated the negative impacts of heatwaves. ©Fotolia, author: annavalerievna1

Slightly improved outlook for EU summer crops

According to the latest JRC MARS crop monitoring Bulletin for Europe, published today, heatwaves and scarce precipitation persisted in July and at the beginning of August in large parts of the Mediterranean, central and eastern European regions....

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How can we minimise the pollutants in Europe`s bodies of water and provide a near-natural habitat for plants and animals? Photo: UFZ / André Künzelmann

New standards for better water quality in Europe

The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) is due to be revised by 2019. The necessary work process is already in full swing and scientific research is providing important input. In a recent study under the auspices of the UFZ, an international...

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Millions to be exposed to extreme Humidity and heat globally. ©Fotolia, Kwangmoo

Super-heatwaves of 55°C to emerge if global warming continues

Heatwaves amplified by high humidity can reach above 40°C and may occur as often as every two years, leading to serious risks for human health. If global temperatures rise by 4°C, a new super heatwave of 55°C may regularly impact many parts of the...

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Weather-related disasters could affect around two-thirds of the Europeans. ©Fotolia, victor zastol'skiy

Europe to be hit hard by climate-related disasters in the future

Weather-related disasters could affect around two-thirds of the European population annually by the end of this century. This could result in a 50-fold increase in fatalities compared to today if no measures are taken, according to a new study by the...

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Solar energy in the municipality of Ii.

Complementing and challenging the national cleantech innovation system in Finland

A study by SYKE's researchers develops an approach of analysing the strengths and weaknesses of Technological Innovation Systems (TIS) in a multi-scale context.

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Image: Seppo Knuuttila

Finland’s cormorant population at previous summer’s level

A total of approximately 25,750 cormorant nests were counted in the summer of 2017. This means that the cormorant population in Finland’s marine areas only grew by one per cent, or a little over 200 nests, from the previous year, despite the...

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Forest-covered land is increasing in Europe ©Fotolia apfelweile

Study identifies land cover susceptible to change and soil resources most at risk

The area of soils covered with trees and artificial surfaces is increasing in Europe, while arable land areas are declining. Sparsely vegetated areas are the most vulnerable to soil loss.

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The Bioeconomy Knowledge Centre will provide relevant information in an easy-to-use format. ©European Union, 2017

New Knowledge Centre will provide scientific evidence on bioeconomy

A new Bioeconomy Knowledge Centre has been created by the JRC and DG RTD to better support policy makers with science-based evidence in this field.

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