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Same directive, different quality standards for EU rivers

New study shows significant differences i EU member states environmental quality standards for pollution in rivers. Under the Water Framework Directive of the European Union (EU), member states are to establish national environmental quality...

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In several regions of Europe, flowering rapeseed was affected by frost after mid-April. ©Shutterstock, author: eugeniek

Fairly positive outlook for winter cereals

According to the April issue of the JRC MARS crop monitoring bulletin for Europe published today, conditions of winter cereals are good, but more rain is needed to sustain high yields.

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Mangrove restoration at Spaans Lagoen, Aruba

Recently work on mangrove restoration begins at Spaans Lagoen, Aruba, an internationally important wetland designated as a Ramsar site. WEnR have been involved since 2015 in giving advice to the Government of Aruba in relation to the impacts of a new...

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Photo: Tero Väisänen

Finnish research institutes planning centre in Chile to develop quality of environmental measurements

An international project has been launched at the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) to plan a national Center for Environmental Reference in Chile together with the Finnish Meteorological Institute and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd....

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HINKU municipalities reduce climate emissions by nearly a third in eight years

Emissions from municipalities in the Carbon Neutral Municipalities (HINKU) network declined by an average 29 percent in 2007 - 2015. The greatest decreases in emissions were in the municipality of Ii (50%), Kitee and Lieksa (36%) as well as Lohja and...

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The Mediterranean Sea is characterised as a low-productivity ecosystem and thus it is very easy to overfish the existing stocks. ©Fotolia, Microgen

Saving our heritage, our future: The worrying state of Mediterranean fish stocks

Fish stocks in the Mediterranean Sea are deteriorating at an alarming rate. A recent analysis shows that 93% of the assessed fish stocks are overexploited, and a number of them are on the verge of depletion. In addition, the Mediterranean Sea has...

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According to the Global Report on Food Crises 2017, around 108 million people in the world were severely food insecure in 2016. ©Fotolia, mrmojo 101

New global report on food crisis offers benchmark for action needed to avoid future disasters

Despite international efforts to address food insecurity, around 108 million people in the world were severely food insecure in 2016, a dramatic increase compared with 80 million in 2015, according to a new global report on food crises released in...

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Forest fragments of the Brazilian Mata Atlântica forest in Brazil, surrounded by sugar cane plantations. Photo: Usina Trapiche S/A

Emissions from the edge of the forest

When talk is of important ecosystems, tropical forests are top of the list. After all, half of the carbon stored in all of the Earth's vegetation is contained in these ecosystems. Deforestation has a correspondingly fatal effect. Scientists estimate...

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Regions characterised by landscape features are particularly biodiversity-friendly ©EU, author: Philippe Loudjani

Calculating the potential impacts of Ecological Focus Areas on biodiversity and ecosystem services

A new JRC Technical Report explores the potential impact of the implementation of Ecological Focus Areas (EFAs) on the environment.

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SETAC Europe: 2,000 scientists discuss cutting-edge research in environmental toxicology and chemistry

The Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Europe 27th Annual Meeting will draw 2,000 scientists from more than 60 countries from the Americas to Asia from 7–11 May to Brussels, Belgium, to discuss the latest research in...

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In most of Europe, winter cereals have recovered well from winter dormancy. ©Fotolia; author: Dusan Kostic

Crop monitoring bulletins for Europe and the European neighbourhood published

The latest JRC MARS Crop monitoring bulletins for Europe and the European neighbourhood (part of the global outlook 2017 series covering North Africa and, for the first time, Turkey and Ukraine) were published yesterday, 27 March 2017.

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Geese begin to threaten nature, agriculture and air traffic

Many parts of Europe are beginning to experience an annual biological 'invasion' from the air in recent years. This ‘invasion’ is beginning to pose new challenges to air traffic, nature conservation and agriculture as the numbers of some...

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Photo: Kaimo-Vahter

Real-time monitoring of oil compounds installed in Tallinn-Stockholm ferry

The EU-funded project GRACE, coordinated by the Finnish Environment Institute, has launched a system for real-time monitoring of oil compounds in open seawater. ”This kind of technology could have a great potential onboard on many types of vessels...

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Photo: Maiju Lehtiniemi

Microplastics – a risk to inland and marine waters in Finland

The state of Finland’s inland and marine waters has generally improved significantly over recent decades, thanks to effective water protection measures. But our waters are still under threat due to factors including microplastics, climate change,...

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The EU-Forest dataset is the most comprehensive database ever of forest resources at the EU level. ©Fotolia, haveseen

EU scientists see the forest for the trees (EU-Forest)

The JRC has recently released a high-resolution tree occurrence dataset for Europe. The EU-Forest dataset is the most comprehensive database ever of forest resources at the EU level, comprising over half a million tree occurrences and over 200...

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GrowApp: make an animation of climate change in your backyard

The newly launched GrowApp allows people to make animations of trees, gardens and landscapes by taking pictures with their smartphone. The app directly transforms these pictures in a time lapse movie that shows changes over the seasons and even over...

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The most visible effect of pollution on marine organisms is the entanglement of wildlife in marine litter. ©birdimagency.com H. Gladier

From entanglement to invasions of alien species: the harm caused by marine litter

Marine litter is a threat to the marine ecosystem, human health and economic activities. A new JRC report sheds light on the many effects of litter in our oceans, and highlights the severity and scale of the issue. The report confirms that plastic...

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Monitoring of amphibian populations and their pathogens in the French Pyrenees. Pic Rouge can be seen in the background. Photo: Dirk Schmeller

Only the tip of the iceberg

Whether orchids or mammals, insects or slugs and snails: nowadays there are a large number of animals and plants under observation. Researchers and dedicated activists work meticulously to record their distribution, count their numbers, and document...

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Local people at the lake Titicaca in Bolivia. Photo: Johanna Korhonen

SYKE helped to develop hydrological services in the Andes

Finnish experts helped countries in the Andes region to develop their water, climate and weather services. Due to their geographical location, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Peru are vulnerable to climate change. Over the course of the multi-year...

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Prediction of floods and droughts is an effective measure for adapting to climate change

Operational water management based on accurate and reliable hydrological predictions can be an effective means of limiting the economic and social damage caused by an increasing frequency and intensity of summer rainstorms, droughts and wintry...

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Experiments in climate governance

Experimentation has been proposed as a key way in which governance drives sustainability transitions. This article seeks to bring greater coherence to the literature and practice of climate and sustainability governance experiments through a...

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Photo of flying drone, source: Lammert Kooistra.

Drone reveals hidden plant-soil history effects on crops

Plants not only change soil biology and chemistry during their growth but also via after life effects. These plant history effects are invisible and hidden in the soil, yet are of great importance for the growth of subsequent crops and result in...

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Forests are expected to contribute to 25% of the national mitigation pledges under the Paris Agreement. ©Fotolia

Key role of forests in meeting climate targets

Forests play a key role in meeting the objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement. They cover around 25% of the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions planned by countries for 2030 in response to the Paris Agreement. In an article published...

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Two new JRC reports provide recommendations and guidance to EU Member States on how to monitor and identify sources of litter in the waters. ©Fotolia, rootstocks

Tracking marine and riverine litter – new recommendations published

Marine litter is a threat to both the marine ecosystem and human activities. Two new JRC reports provide recommendations and guidance to EU Member States on how to monitor and identify sources of litter that reach the seas.

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The drought in Somalia and neighbouring countries is already producing severe water and pasture shortages in pastoral regions. ©Fotolia, posteriori

Somalia: persistent drought leads to major food security crisis

A failed 2016 rainy season linked to the climate phenomenon La Niña, combined with exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures in the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans, have led to extreme drought in the Horn of Africa and a more intense...

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Despite cold conditions in central and eastern Europe, protective snow cover has helped limit frost-kill damage to winter cereals in many areas. ©Fotolia; author: SGr

No major constraints on winter crops

According to the February issue of the JRC MARS crop monitoring bulletin for Europe, this winter is finishing with no major constraints to winter crops.

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Rivers are a major source of marine litter. ©Fotolia, author: overcrew

Recommendations for tracking marine and riverine litter in Europe

The JRC has recently published two of a series of thematic reports that give recommendations and guidance on how to monitor and identify sources of litter that reach the seas, in order to help design measures to tackle marine litter.

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Human pressures along the boundary of the Selous Game Reserve, a natural World Heritage site in Tanzania. © EU, author: Gregoire Dubois

Natural World Heritage Sites under severe pressure from human activities

The first ever global quantification of the impact of humanity on natural World Heritage sites (NWHS) finds that the vast majority of NWHS are under severe pressure from increasing human activities and forest loss. Led by an international team of...

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Working together with Lebanon for water infrastructure and agricultural development

World Waternet, Acacia Water and Wageningen Environmental Research (Alterra) are working together to support Lebanon using Dutch water and agricultural expertise. This project is supported by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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The easiest way to reduce nutrient pollution is to eat more domestic wild fish and vegetables. Photo: Johanna Kinnari

The new calculator shows how consumption contributes to nutrient pollution in the Baltic Sea

With the calculator developed by the Finnish Environment Institute and the Natural Resources Institute Finland, consumers can determine the impacts of their consumption habits on nutrient pollution in the Baltic Sea. Finland’s contribution to the...

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